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[6], Gröning did not consider himself guilty of any crime, because he was in no way directly involved in the killing. todos los resultados de noticias sobre oskar%20groning en el buscador online de noticias de ABC. [2]​ Como dedicado coleccionista de estampillas, una vez estaba en su reunión anual del club de filatelia, más de 40 años después de la guerra, cuando cayó en una conversación sobre política con otro miembro del club,[21]​ quien le dijo que era «terrible» que el negacionismo del Holocausto fuera ilegal en Alemania. [2]​ El hombre le recomendó un panfleto de Thies Christophersen. "[11][12], During the trial, several of the 60 "co-claimants"[note 1] gave evidence. [5]:140, Gröning left school with high marks and began a traineeship as a bank clerk when he was 17, but war was declared shortly after he started employment and eight of the twenty clerks present were immediately conscripted into the army. [28], On 9 March 2018, Gröning died while hospitalized before he was to begin his sentence. Oskar Groening, dubbed the "Accountant of Auschwitz," is being tried on 300,000 counts of accessory to murder Oskar Gröning: Former SS 'bookkeeper of Auschwitz' to start jail sentence after appeal fails The 96-year-old will soon start his four-year prison term for his role in the murders of 300,000 people. Murió Oskar Gröning, el "contador de Auschwitz" que había sido condenado por el asesinato de 300.000 judíos. [14]​ Más tarde, un camarada le mostró que los cuerpos estaban siendo quemados en un pozo, donde un kapo le contó los detalles de la incineración, por ejemplo, cómo los cadáveres parecían moverse mientras eran quemados a causa de los gases que contenían. [22] In August 2017, Gröning was judged to be fit for prison. I saw the open fires. [5]:167, Gröning claimed that this disrupted the relative tranquillity his job gave him and that he yet again complained to his superior. [4]​, Gröning quería inscribirse en una unidad de élite y se fijó en las Waffen-SS. [21]​, Se hizo evidente que sus comentarios condenando el negacionismo del Holocausto habían sido impresos en una revista neonazi y que la mayoría de las llamadas y cartas anónimas eran «de personas que intentaban probar que lo que yo había visto con mis propios ojos, lo que había experimentado en Auschwitz era un gran, gran error, una gran alucinación de mi parte porque no había sucedido.»[21]​. [5]:287–288, Gröning was released and returned to Germany in 1947[5]:288 or 1948. [9], Gröning's prosecution has been reported to have been a part of Germany's final effort to bring the last Nazi war-crimes suspects to justice. [1] He joined the Scharnhorst, the Stahlhelm's youth organisation as a small boy in the 1930s, and later the Hitler Youth when the Nazis came to power in 1933. El niño estaba tendido en la rampa, envuelto en harapos. La Justicia alemania ha fallado que Oskar Gröning, de 96 años, antiguo miembro de las SS y contable en el campo de concentración de Auschwitz, debe entrar en prisión a pesar de su avanzada edad. [18] Reacting to the sentence, Auschwitz survivor Kor said that she was "disappointed" adding: "They are trying to teach a lesson that if you commit such a crime, you will be punished. Mientras estuvo en el campo de concentración, fue testigo de todo el proceso de matanza. I was there. [16]​, La solicitud de Gröning de ser transferido a una unidad en el frente de batalla fue exitosa y, en 1944, se unió a la unidad de la SS que peleaba en Ardenas. Regresó a Alemania para llevar una vida relativamente normal y prefirió no hablar de su asociación con Auschwitz. A mother had left it behind, perhaps because she knew that women with infants were sent to the gas chambers immediately. [5]:167 When his group arrived at the extermination area of the camp they saw a farmhouse, in front of which were SS men and the bodies of seven or eight prisoners who had been caught and shot. [6]​ Allí, recibieron una conferencia por parte de varios oficiales de alto rango que les recordaron el juramento de lealtad que tomaron, el cual podían honrar ejerciendo una tarea difícil. [20][21], On 28 November 2016, the appeal was declined by the German Federal Court of Justice (BGH). [5]:300 He said his message to Holocaust deniers was: I would like you to believe me. Gröning was born in Lower Saxony as the son of a strict conservative and skilled textile worker. Sus responsabilidades incluían contar y clasificar el dinero robado a los prisioneros exterminados y custodiar otras pertenencias de prisioneros en el campo antes de que fueran saqueados. [2]​ Gröning obtuvo una copia y se la envió a Christophersen, tras escribir su propio comentario sobre ella, que incluía estas palabras: Desde entonces, Gröning empezó a recibir llamadas telefónicas y cartas de extraños que intentaban decirle que Auschwitz no era en realidad un lugar para exterminar a seres humanos en cámaras de gas. [5]:288 He became head of personnel, and was made an honorary judge (a sort of juror) of industrial tribunal cases. Oskar married Alma Olivia Gröning (born Olsdotter) on month day 1896, at age 22 at marriage place. It is too late for that kind of sentence ... My preference would have been to sentence him to community service by speaking out against neo-Nazis. [5]:139–140 Influenced by his family's values, he felt that Nazism was advantageous to Germany and believed that the Nazis "were the people who wanted the best for Germany and who did something about it. In 2015 Oskar Groening, 96, was given a four-year prison sentence for being accessory to murder of 300,000 Jews in the camp in Nazi-occupied Poland. Oskar Gröning (Nienburg, 10 de juny de 1921 - 12 de març de 2018) va ser un antic militar alemany, Rottenführer de les SS, que treballà al camp de concentració d'Auschwitz durant la Segona Guerra Mundial.Era el comptable, s'ocupava de distribuir les poques pertinences dels presos que arribaven al camp. They were ordered to take pistols and search the woods. [7]​ No obstante, quedó claro que Auschwitz no era solo un campo de internamiento normal con raciones por encima del promedio, sino que cumplía una función adicional. [5]:167–168 His boss listened but reminded him of the pledge that he and his fellow SS men made. The latter court ruled his age was not a valid reason not to send him to jail. [26][27] The pardon was rejected. [5]:300, It became apparent that his comments condemning Holocaust denial had been printed in a neo-Nazi magazine, and that most of the anonymous calls and letters were "From people who tried to prove that what I had seen with my own eyes, what I had experienced in Auschwitz was a big, big mistake, a big hallucination on my part because it hadn't happened."[5]:300. But I do not think the court has acted properly in sentencing him to four years in jail. [2]​ Su padre, un orgulloso nacionalista, se hizo miembro del Stahlhelm después de la derrota de Alemania en la Primera Guerra Mundial y su rabia sobre cómo Alemania había sido tratada a partir del tratado de Versalles aumentó cuando su negocio textil quebró en 1929 por no disponer de capital suficiente. [6]​ Luego de esta etapa, fueron separados en grupos más pequeños y fueron llevados a varias estaciones berlinesas, donde abordaron un tren con dirección a Katowice, con órdenes de presentarse ante el comandante de Auschwitz, un lugar del que Gröning nunca había oído con anterioridad. He smashed the baby's head against the iron side of a truck until it was silent. [5]:139 Gröning said that he thought at the time that it was justified due to all the Nazi propaganda he had been subjected to, in that Germany's enemies were being destroyed,[5]:139 which to him made the tools of their destruction (such as gas chambers) of no particular significance. Oskar Gröning (10 June 1921 – 9 March 2018)[1] was a German SS Unterscharführer who was stationed at the Auschwitz concentration camp. [13], Eva Mozes Kor, who was 10 years old when she arrived at Auschwitz, testified that she and her twin sister were used for the cruel medical experiments conducted by Josef Mengele and that she had lost her parents and older sisters in Auschwitz. [2]​ Entró en Scharnhorst, la organización juvenil de Stahlhelm, siendo un niño en los años 1930, y luego a las Juventudes Hitlerianas cuando los nazis llegaron al poder en 1933. [6], After witnessing this, Gröning claimed, he went to his boss and told him that he could not work at Auschwitz anymore, stating that if the extermination of the Jews is necessary, "then at least it should be done within a certain framework". [6] Citing his summons to testify against a member of the SS accused of murdering prisoners at Auschwitz, he also said he was innocent in the eyes of the law, pointing to the fact that he spoke as a witness and not as a defendant. 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