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The obtained analytical solutions are validated with the fourth-order Runge-Kutta numerical method. Polymers are a highly diverse class of materials which are available in all fields of engineering from avionics through biomedical applications, drug delivery system, biosensor devices, tissue engineering, cosmetics etc. The objective of this chapter is to classification of biodegradable polymers. The term polymer … Shape memory polymers (SMPs) have attracted significant attention from both industrial and academic researchers, due to their useful and fascinating functionality. This review also focuses on the influence of fibre content and fabrication methods, which can significantly affect the mechanical properties of sisal fibre-reinforced polymer composites. Hence conducting polymers … This model is then extended to capture the effects of temperature and the resulting final governing model is a nonlin-ear differential equation which cannot be easily solved by the common analytic techniques. 10. The developments of new materials are increasing, especially in the automobile, aerospace, aviation and construction industries. example:- proteins, cellulose, starch, rubber. From the terminology viewpoint, polymer-based substances and devices aimed at work-ing in contact with living systems are firstly relevant to terms and definitions recommended to polymer the application of polymers … To Develop a Hybrid Composite Water Storage Tank, The influences which were caused by difference of produced methods and original concrete on the performance of recycled aggregate have been studied in this paper. Each industry has standards relevant to polymer applications, and in some cases, compliance and certification are mandatory. There are numerous original papers, reviews, and monographs focused on the synthesis, properties, and applications of hydrogels. [9]. Printed circuit boards are used in electrical and electronic instruments. Self-healing materials [10,11] should have the following, In order to improve the mechanical and ph, of polymeric-based self-healing materials, nanoparticles, modulus when compared to metals and ceramics, which is, the reason that necessitates for the improv. The topics in this symposium which are summarized in this book are illustrative of some of the myriad applications of these ubiquitous mater- ials. 2. semi-synthesis polymers:- cellulose derivatives - cellulose acetate (rayon). This can be accomplished by coating the conducting polymer over an insulating surface. The polymers used for biomedical applications as a result of their biocompatibility, controllable biodegradation rate and their biofunctional properties, include natural polymers, which are polysaccharides (i.e. Applications of natural polymers in pharmacy are large in comparison to the synthetic polymers and have wide scope in food and the cosmetic industry. 6. Undoubtedly the applications of polymers are rapidly evolving. applications, while many other recent reviews have focused on the synthesis and fundamental properties of stimuli respon-sive polymers, and those details will not be rehashed here.60–64 2. The bioresorbable materials discussed include aliphatic polyesters, natural polymers, polyanhydrides, poly(ortho esters), polyphosphazenes, poly(amino acids) and “pseudo”-poly(amino acids), polyalkylcyanoacrylates, poly(propylene fumarate), poly(ester-ether), and poly(vinyl alcohol). Polymers have played indispensable roles in the preparation of pharmaceutical products. biomedical applications, as explained by Bassas-Galia et at. Importance of Sustainable Polymers for Modern Society and Development, Incorporation of Hybrid Pre-Dispersed Organo-Montmorillonite/ Destabilized Bentonite Nanofillers for Improving Tensile Strength of PEVA Copolymer with 40% Vinyl Acetate Composition, A Review of Biocomposites in Biomedical Application, The role of magnesium in biomaterials related infections, Analytical investigations of temperature effects on creep strain relax-ation of biomaterials using homotopy perturbation and differentialtransform methods, The potential of electrospun poly(methyl methacrylate)/polycaprolactone core–sheath fibers for drug delivery applications, Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Applications of Polymers, Biopolymer Composites and Bionanocomposites for Energy Applications, Biomedical Applications of Synthetic and Natural Biodegradable Polymers: Applications, Impact of Surface Modification and Nanoparticle on Sisal Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Nanocomposites, Dependency of the Mechanical Properties of Sisal Fiber Reinforced Recycled Polypropylene Composites on Fiber Surface Treatment, Fiber Content and Nanoclay, Mechanical properties of sisal fibre reinforced polymer composites: A review, Introduction to bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications, Polymer/metal nanocomposites for biomedical applications, Self-Healing Polymer Nanocomposite Materials: A Review, Adhesive and sealant interfaces for general surgery applications: Adhesive and sealant interfaces for general surgery applications, Bioactive, mechanically favorable, and biodegradable copolymer nanocomposites for orthopedic applications, Preparation and evaluation of artificial bone complex material: Chitosan/ polylactic complex braids, Preparation of lotus-leaf-like polystyrene micro- and nanostructure films and its blood compatibility, Smart Parabolic Trough Solar Collector and Hybrid Polymeric Composite, Polyolefin Fibres: Structure Properties and Industrial Applications, Biocomposites: Properties, Performance and Applications. With increased fiber loading, addition of MAPP and nanoclay; tensile strength, Young’s modulus and impact resistance of the SF/rPP nanocomposites was observed to have increased. For example, in poly pyrrole lithium cell is useful rechargeable   battery compared to conventional Ni-Cd cell. In biomedical applications, polymers should possess biocompatible, biodegradable, non-toxic and due to it has direct contact with the human body hence, they need to meet the vital specification for which they are intended, ... Polysaccharides, polypropylene, poly(glycolic acid), PU, polyvinyl acetate, and polyethylene are examples of common polymers used, with poly(lactic acid) being the most widely used synthetic polymer. This review will be focus on development and progress of the applications of zwitterionic polymers, such as PSB, PCB and PPC, in biomedicine, separation membrane and marine coating. These issues will be discussed at length in the next chapter. There has been a growing interest in the utilization of sisal fibres as reinforcement in the production of polymeric composite materials. Repeated oxidation and reduction of polymeric back bone  constitutes the  principle of  polymer rechargeable batteries. Various fibre treatments, which are carried out in order to improve adhesion, leading to improved mechanical properties, are also discussed in this review paper. [9]. Accordingly, colored polymers have become increasingly important as materials for miscellaneous technical applications in recent years while also being a major part of everyday life. The tensile strength, tensile modulus, and impact strength increased by 32.80, 37.62, and 5.48%, respectively, when compared to the untreated SF/rPP composites. Your email address will not be published. The procedures were done prior to the melt compounding process of the nanocomposite. Apparently, this mechanism acted as a matrix toughening process which allowed the increment of both tensile strength and elongation at break values of the PEVA upon the addition of the hybrid nanofillers. of surface and bulk properties of polymers as these properties govern their utilization various applications. The first focuses conducting polymers (polythiophene, polyparaphenylene vinylene, polycarbazole, polyaniline, and polypyrrole). The modified chitosan produced a functional group existing on its surface. Examples of the methods to construct the antifouling surfaces or nanoparticles for these applications … the application of polymers and their subsequent composites is still advancing and increasing quickly due to their ease regarding manufacturing. Results confirmed the core–sheath morphology and indicated that these fibers are larger in diameter than normal ones (prepared as controls from either PCL or PMMA, under similar conditions). polymers. In clinical applications, the most widely used. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 60 195-203. Bottles, toys, containers, trays, disposable glasses and plates, tv cabinets and lids are some of the daily-used products made up of polystyrene. natural polymers:- the definition of a natural polymer is a polymer that results from only raw materials that are found in nature. The word ‘polymer’ is coined from two Greek words: poly means many and mer means unit or part. Examples include Nadcap for aerospace or ISO 17025 for automotive industry polymers. It features a 1-hour lecture video, and also presents the prerequisites, learning objectives, reading … For each polymer application, … Maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAPP) was used as the compatibilizer for all composites prepared except the untreated sisal fibers. Different in different sources of strength recycled aggregate crushing value mainly reflected on the bond strength. Polymeric biomaterials used as implants undergo both geometric and material nonlinear deformation when subjected to different loading conditions. In addition they utilize of the main property of Conducting Polymers (their conductivity). When the modified chitosan/polylactic complex braid was immersed in the simulated body fluid for 21 days, the overall hydroxyapatite was in sphere shape as previous studies had argued. Polymers thus obtained often possess a high constitutional and configurational regularity. Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 104(3): 626-639. biomedical, Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications:       . Higher strength matrix concrete, better the performance of recycled aggregate, and the recycled concrete strength will be higher also. • Use of polymer science with Pharmaceutical sciences led to increase thinking in novelty in design and development of NDDS. 1. The biggest advantage of conductive polymers is … Smart polymers play wide role in various biomedical applications … Polypropene finds usage in a broad range of industries such as textiles, packaging, stationery, plastics, aircraft, construction, rope, toys, etc. As observed from the study, it can be shown that an increase in thermal conductivity and viscosity resulted in increase in resistance to deformation of the material, while an increase in the material stiffness, resulted in increase in the rate of deformation and relaxation. Mao C, Liang C, Luo W, Bao J, Shen J, et al. An electric field potential of 7–8 kV was found optimal for the formation of the fibers, which were characterized using scanning and transmission electron microscopy techniques combined with attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy and contact angle measurements. Application and Processing of Polymers … The most common methods of preparation. Conducting polymers are useful in discharging large quantities of static electricity in computer industries and in chemical industries. Definition : Polymers … Because of their delicate molecular structures, these materials must be handled with care, especially regarding their degradation behavior and hydrophilicity. APPLICATIONS OF POLYMERS:-Molecular science has developed enormously in recent eras. Outline History Usage Early products Thermoplastic elastomers Current research. Applications of Polymers Macromolecular science has had a major impact on the way we live. In addition, the current applications of synthetic and biodegradable polymers and its positive and negative impacts on the environment are also stated. Polymers are one of the most important and enormously used materials in the modern society. Electro-active Polymers and Their Applications CIMs has been designing a number of electro-active polymers whose properties are changed drastically upon stimuli (pH, electric field, light, temperature, etc) with aim on using them as a key actuator, sensor and smart window material. 1. The process by which the polymers … POLYMERS • A polymer is a macromolecule (long molecules) built of small covalently bonded units called monomers (“mer” from the Greek word meros meaning part). Another important, applications [3-5]. The main functions of biological adhesives and sealants are to repair injured tissues, reinforce surgical wounds, or even replace common suturing techniques. The SEM analysis showed that the PEVA hybrid nanocomposite with 4OMMT: 1Bent had greater matrix deformation than the neat PEVA when subjected to tensile load. The best achievement in the tensile strength and elongation at break of the PEVA hybrid nanocomposite was obtained when the hybrid nanofillers was added in the ratio of 4:1 (OMMT: Bent). So, these are environmentally safe and non toxic.                    , This helps organisms to attach themselves either permanently, or temporally to their host or vice versa. 2. Polymers in biomedical applications are: non-toxic, biodegradable, biocompatible and meet the required specification for which they are intended because it has direct contact with the human body. 2. Scientists and researchers keep on improving this material via their studies and research, in order to come up with sustainable properties with the finest products. 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