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The 3♭ note is often referred to as the "blue note" and adds tension to the sound of the scale. Guitar Newsletter. Music in the major keys have an excited and cheerful sound. In the Natural minor scale the V (5) chord is a minor chord (Gmin7, G Bb D F, in the key of C). A third minor pentatonic scale, 1 b3 4 5 b7, is commonly used in folk, rock, and blues. The minor scales, on the other hand, feel sad and have a dark and serious atmosphere. The chords used with the scale are usually minor, minor Sevenths, minor Ninths, dominant sevenths and dominant Ninths. Let’s look at each type. This means the formula for the minor pentatonic scale is made up of the 1st (root), 3rd (♭3), 4th (p4), 5th (p5), and 7th (♭7) from the minor scale. Compare these scales (C pentatonic and A minor pentatonic) with the scales of C major and A minor, respectively. For the A minor pentatonic scale, this gives us the notes A, C, D, E, and G. Note that the intervals that make up the Am pentatonic scale are universal to all minor pentatonic scales. Using the circle of fifths as a tool we can see how this works in a sharp direction. 2. The notes in the scale can be described as steps on the guitar fingerboard according to the following formula: whole and a half, whole, half, half, whole and a half, whole from the first note to the same in the next octave. Blues Scale Formula: 1 b3 4 b5 5 b7. A jazz scale is simply a scale that can be used over a piece of jazz music. Here is the blues scale in every key. Each scale you play has a root position. To build a major scale you follow this pattern of semitones and tones. Intervals What intervals are in the G minor blues scale. Attempting to apply minor type scales over a dominant 7th chord breaks “diatonic theory”, but it is still done quite often, especially in blues music. The diagram below shows the 5 Major Blues Scale Patterns spread over the length of the guitar neck. The notes in the scale can be described as steps on the guitar fingerboard according to the following formula: whole and a half, whole, half, half, whole and a half, whole from the first note to the same in the next octave. Whereas a dominant 7th chord contains a major 3rd interval. Many guitarists make the mistake of thinking that there is a dedicated ‘jazz scale’ which they can used over any kind of jazz progression. In other words, degrees 4 and 7 were removed! Bar 8-10: mostly in the G major blues scale. Please check your email to confirm subscription and don't forget to check your spam folder if it doesn't show up. Minor 7th. 3m - 2M - 2m - 1A - 3m - 2M. Perfect 5th. Different scales may evoke certain emotions or moods. The image below Guitar Scales Chart: The Minor Blues Scale. In classical music the Melodic minor scale is played going up and the ... Pentatonic and Blues scale notes in Black, added Natural Major/Minor scale notes in grey Licensed under a creative commons BY, NC, ND license - mikegeorgia.com. When applied to the C minor scale, you will create a C minor pentatonic scale, as shown here: In Practice: Minor Pentatonic Shape. In a C blues scale there is an E, and in a C major scale there is an E. So you call the E a 3 since is is a half step lower than the 3rd note in a C major scale. This added scale tone is a f5th in the minor pentatonic. The minor pentatonic scale is numbered 1 b3 4 5 b7 when referenced to the A Major Scale. The blues scale (or Pentablues) is the pentatonic scale plus one note.This note became known as the “blue note“, and is the flat fifth in the case of the minor pentatonic, or the flat third in the case of the major pentatonic. "Lesson 8: Pentatonic Scales/Blues Scales (As formulas)" complete Watch Again Back to Courses Starting with the basics, this course will guide you through the … 1. Bar 7: chromatic approach of the b3 and b7 of Bm7. So the scale formula for a blues scale is 1 3 4 5 5 7. The formula for the Pentatonic scale is 1 – 2 – 3 – 5 – 6 (C – D – E – G – A). Major scales are usually associated with upbeat and optimistic music. The scale formula for the minor pentatonic can be a useful thing to know if you want to work out the notes in any given minor pentatonic scale. Jazz scales often get compared to the ‘blues’ scale. Blue dots are the b5 "blues note". The blues players often ad an attitional passing note to the pentatonic scale which is technically known as a flattened 5th - that means an extra note in between notes 3 and 4 of the pentatonic scale. C E F G G B C - C blues scale. This scale has neither seven or five notes – Instead, it has six. A minor pentatonic contains scale degrees 1, b3, 4, 5, and b7. The diagrams show the flat fifth note in blue to make it easy to compare. The major scales and the minor scalesare the two most commonly used musical scales. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. Identify The Root Position. For example, the major scales feel happy and bright. The Harmonic minor was derived by the need for a Dominant chord on the 5th degree (V) of the minor scale - enabling a Perfect Cadence (a Dominant 7th V chord resolving to a I minor chord). A Blues Scale Diagrams A Blues Scale Fretboard Diagram. Perfect 4th. Note that the major pentatonic took 5 notes of the major scale, as we have already commented, and these were degrees 1, 2, 3, 5 and 6. First question: I use the minor pentatonic scale for some time now. Notice how the patterns overlap and connect to eachother down the guitar neck. Notes of The A Blues Scale. In terms of semitones, it’s 3 – 2 – 2 – 3 – 2. Now its time to use the mayor and minor pentatonic scale, but when I use a mayor pentatonic over a minor blues progression it does not sound right (when I use minor pentatonic over mayor blues, it sounds good). What notes are in the G minor blues scale. Notes of The B … C’s relative minor pentatonic scale, A minor pentatonic, begins on the 6 th scale degree of the major pentatonic scale (shown above). Thank you! Backing Track Listen & Play Along How do you use the blues scale in your jazz solos?Let us know in the comments below… You can’t talk about blues on the guitar without mentioning the so-called blues scale, which is really just a pentatonic scale with a chromatic passing tone. Minor type scales have a minor 3rd interval. The Minor Approach. The ‘blues’ scale is a specific scale which is used in blues music. By Desi Serna . I use this scale for soloing over minor and mayor blues progressions. If you look closely you should note the the notes in a D minor blues scale are identical to an F major blues scale. The minor blues scale is used in musical styles such as blues, rock, jazz and fusion. The most common types of scale are major scales, minor scales and the blues scale. It’s ideal that you understand how to construct major and minor scales bef… There are many different types of musical scales. The G Blues scale contains all the notes in the G … In order to understand this scale, we need to understand the structure of the minor scale a little bit better. Notes of The Bb Blues Scale. The minor pentatonic scale is a basic five note scale used in blues and rock music, and can be used for lead guitar riffs and soloing played over minor chord progressions. Minor Pentatonic and Blues Scale . Formula: 1-b3-4-b5-5-b7-8 (for Blues Scale add #4) Minor Pentatonic: Blues Scale: The blues scale is one of the first scales that many jazz musicians are taught. G - Bb - C - Db - D - F. Formula What is the formula for the G minor blues scale. 4. The blues scale formula is 1, b3, 4, b5, 5, b7. The blues scale is very closely related to the minor pentatonic scale, and is used unsurprisingly in blues. The blue note in blues scale. The root position is the starting … The second shape is the Minor Blues scale that we just looked at, but with the extra note (relative to the Minor Pentatonic) in blue. Here are some typical Joe Pass phrases over a blues in G in which he combines minor and major blues scales. When the pattern is applied as major, the same note in … Piano chords are formed from musical scales. The formula for forming this scale is W+H, W, W, W+H, W (whole and a half step, whole step, whole step, whole and a half step, whole step). I prefer to think of the blues scale as a Minor Pentatonic with an added #4. The two major pentatonic scales 1 2 3 5 6 and 1 2 4 5 6 and the minor pentatonic scale 1 b3 4 5 b7 share a common pitch set. The Major Blues Scale uses the 1, 3♭, 3, 5 and 6 notes of a scale.. Chords What chords (diatonic) are in the G minor blues scale The practical outcome is that you only need to learn the 12 minor blues scales because you can play the minor blues scale that is down a minor third from a major or dominant 7 chord. This highlights that there is only one note added to the Minor Pentatonic scale to produce a Minor Blues scale (yes, there are actually … 5. The easiest way to remember this scale is to think of it as the minor pentatonic and simply learn where the added notes are within the normal five minor pentatonic positions. The scale formula for the minor scale is: 1, 2, ♭3, 4, 5, ♭6, ♭7 This basically means we use the first and second note of the major scale, while the third note is flattened by a half tone (equal to 1 fret on the guitar fretboard) and means the major third is flattened and is now a minor third. Once we have the minor scale, we remove the 2nd and 6th notes to give us the formula 1st, b3rd, 4th, 5th & b7th. Bar 1-8: the G minor blues scale all the way. A, C, D, Eb, E, G, A. Minor 3rd. The minor pentatonic uses the 1st, minor 3rd, 4th, 5th and minor 7th notes of a major scale or 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 7th of the natural minor scale. T = Tone [whole step] • S = Semitone [half step] • TS = Tone + Semitone (minor 3rd interval) Note that the scale is made up of two sequences of TS T joined by a T. This might help you remember it! Major Scales. Bar 11-12: G minor blues scale. Bar 3: chromatic approach of the 3 and b7 of G7. Bb, Db, Eb, E, F, Ab, Bb. Of course the limit is your imagination. The Minor Pentatonic Scale uses the 1, 3♭, 4, 5, and 7♭ notes from the major scale , and is a great scale to … The F Blues scale contains all the notes in the F Pentatonic Minor plus a flatted fifth, the so-called blue note. Also, you can form this scale with the formula, Minor 3rd – Whole Step – 1/2 Step – 1/2 Step – Minor 3rd – Whole Step. Note: The black dots are the root notes. The Pentatonic scale has five pitches per octave. The last of our scales in today’s lesson, the minor blues scale is the rule-breaker of the bunch. Tonic – Tone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Tone – Tone – Semitone The formula of the minor blues scale is 1, b3, 4, b5, 5, b7. Root Note. 1 3 4 5 5 7 1 - scale functions. The blues scale is esentially a minor pentatonic scale with an added flat fifth. 3. Be sure to visit https://www.activemelody.com/lesson/major-and-minor-blues-pentatonic-scales/ to download the tablature and MP3 Jam track for this lesson. Used over a piece of jazz music of scale are usually minor minor! Five notes – Instead, it ’ s 3 – 2 – 2 – 2 below a jazz scale 1! Patterns overlap and connect to eachother down the guitar neck a little bit better it ’ s lesson, major! 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